Mukhya Mantri Gram Sampark Yojna - (MMGSY)
The government of Bihar(GOB) launched the Mukhya Mantri Gram Sampark Yojana in year 2013 to connect with all-weather roads to all rural habitations with population more than 250 in 27 Non-IAP districts involving construction and improvement of 28,075 km roads with an estimated expenditure of Rs 19,652 crore. The programme is presently funded by the govt. of Bihar through its own resources.
The demand for MMGSY roads has been overwhelming, given the challenges of transportation for Bihar’s rural population. The state government has so far taken up 9,593 km length of roads with its own resources.
A detailed Survey,similar to the one for PMGSY, was carried out regarding habitations, population of habitation, status of connectivity of habitations, alignment of rural roads,status of roads and land availability, incorporating inputs from people’s representatives, i.e. Hon'ble MP/MLA/MLC, representatives from Panchayati Raj Institution at District, Block, Panchayat levels, Civil Administration, local people and ‘State core network’ for all the 534 blocks spread across 38 districts of Bihar came into existence. Total length identified in State Core Network for MMGSY Project is 28,075 Km.
MMGSY has comprehensive guidelines which are similar to PMGSY in regards to project selection,management of social and environmental issues, procurement, financial management and quality assurance. Rural Works Department through its agency, Bihar Rural Road Development Agency (BRRDA) is responsible for implementing PMGSY as well as MMGSY.
MMGSY has been funded with budgetary allocation till date. However, now the Government wants to put the MMGSY in a mission mode to achieve the objectives in next 5 years. Also pursuant to the report of 14th Finance Commission, from this FY onward, PMGSY projects are now funded in 60:40 ratio between Government of India and Government of Bihar.
The above developments have resulted in a substantial funding requirement for the state over next 5 years to the tune of Rs 40000 crores. The state has already approached World Bank and BRICS NDB for development finance where in it is certain to get funding support to cover 15000 km. However, these institutions would only fund 70% of the project cost and the remaining has to be infused by the Government.